The name Pakistan means Land of Spiritually Pure in both Urdu and Persian languages. Pakistan is a Muslim country in southern Asia. It shares its early history with its neighbor India. Pakistan separated from India in 1947. Pakistan’s capital is Islamabad. Pakistan shares borders with Iran, Afghanistan, China, and India. The Arabian Sea, a part of the Indian Ocean, lies to the south. The region called Kashmir is to the northeast. Pakistan has a federal parliamentary system. The head of state is an indirectly-elected ceremonial President. The Electoral College of the country, (composed of the Senate, the National Assembly, and the four Provincial Assemblies) chooses a leadership representing the President of Pakistan for a five-year term. The president is also the Commander in Chief of the Joint Armed Forces. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is also indirectly elected. Learn more about Pakistan and its culture by learning about its festivals, Have a happy Reading!